Chapter 4: Surviving the Environment

Study Guide




Here’s how this study guide is set up. I have divided up the chapter into each lesson. Under each lesson category, I have listed the vocabulary you will need to know and questions that you should know the answers to. You will find similar questions on the test. Study hard, pay attention in class, and keep your folder neat and up to date.


Lesson #1: What Structures Help Plants and Animals Survive? (Pages A98-A104)

Vocabulary: adaptation and camouflage

  1. What are some adaptations plants have for getting sunlight? Give specific examples)
  2. Why do plants loose their leaves in the fall?
  3. What adaptation do pine trees have that lets them keep their leaves (needles)?
  4. What adaptations do cactus plants have that helps them survive? (List at least 2)
  5. How are “stalked eyes” an adaptation for fiddler crabs?
  6. List two adaptations that help ducks survive on water.
  7. Why do some creatures use camouflage? (List at least 2 reasons.)

Lesson #2: What Behaviors Help Animals Survive? (Pages A105-A111)

Vocabulary: migration, hibernation, symbiosis, parasite, host

  1. List three important needs of all animals.
  2. Explain why living in groups is an important adaptation. (Know at least 2)
  3. Name at least three animals that live in groups.
  4. How do the red fox, kangaroo, and opossum care for their young?
  5. Why do some animals migrate? Give examples of some animals that migrate.
  6. Why do some animals hibernate? Give examples of some animals that hibernate.
  7. Describe what happens when a animal goes into hibernation.
  8. What is symbiosis?
  9. Give two examples of animals that live together.

Lesson #3: How Do Changes in the Environment Affect Survival? (Pages A114-117)

Vocabulary: pollution and recycle

  1. What are some causes of air pollution?
  2. What are the three parts of the earth that can be polluted?
  3. Why is it important that everyone gets involved in protecting the environment?
  4. What are some things that people can do to keep the air, land, and water clean?

Lesson #4: Do All Animals and Plants Survive? (Pages A118-A121)

Vocabulary: endangered and extinct

  1. What does it mean when something becomes endangered?
  2. What does it mean when an animal becomes extinct?
  3. What can cause living things to become endangered or extinct?
  4. How are fossils made?
  5. Name a type of fossil.